Infertility Treatments

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) Perth

A common and successful fertility treatment where an individual sperm is injected directly into the egg. 

What is ICSI? 

ICSI stands for Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection and is an extension on traditional IVF.  ICSI involves injecting a single sperm into each egg,  rather than relying on the efforts of the sperm to penetrate the egg alone.   

Why is ICSI used? 

ICSI is used to treat infertility that is related to male infertility, where sperm numbers or function may be impaired.  It is also useful where previous attempts at ovulation induction, artificial insemination and/or routine IVF have been unsuccessful.  

Who is ICSI suitable for? 

Your doctor will recommend ICSI to you if you or your partner have:  

  • Low sperm count – if there simply are not enough sperm to fertilise an egg without some help
  • Low sperm motility – where the sperm are not swimming well enough to be able to penetrate the egg
  • Elevated numbers of abnormal sperm – sperm count and motility might be normal, but the shape of the sperm prevents normal fertilisation
  • When sperm have to be  collected surgically - due to previous vasectomy or non-obstructive azoospermia, the numbers and/or motility of sperm in the ejaculate is incompatible with natural conception
  • Elevated levels of antisperm antibodies – which can inhibit conception naturally or via insemination or IVF alone
  • Previous low or failed fertilisation with conventional IVF – even with adequate numbers of sperm and good sperm motility, conventional fertilisation can yield suboptimal results, but this can easily be overcome using ICSI
  • A genetic condition requiring preimplantation genetic testing  (PGT) – ICSI is the preferred method of insemination as it reduces the risk of contamination and inaccurate results

How will I feel after ICSI? 

Just like IVF, the drugs used in the controlled ovarian hyperstimulation stage of an ICSI cycle are designed to “hijack” your normal menstrual cycle, stimulating the ovaries to produce more than one egg. Therefore, any symptoms that you associate with your normal cycle will be exaggerated by this process and can include:


  • Moodiness
  • Hot flushes
  • Dizziness
  • Mild abdominal discomfort
  • Bloating and tiredness

What is the ICSI treatment process? 

ICSI treatment involves six main stages:  

What are the potential risks of ICSI? 

The procedural risks of ICSI are the same as for conventional IVF. 

Whilst extensive trials have been completed into the safety of ICSI and the embryologists undertaking the procedure are experienced, you may still encounter: 

No eggs to undertake ICSI 

Not all eggs collected may be suitable quality or mature enough to undergo the injection procedure. If very few eggs are collected, none may be suitable for ICSI. Due to the delicate nature of the procedure, some eggs may not survive the ICSI process. 

Birth defects 

Evidence indicates that there is no increased risk of birth defects in children conceived by ICSI as opposed to routine IVF. 

Y-chromosome inheritance 

This inheritable cause for male infertility can be screened for and currently, at Fertility North, we offer screening for Y-chromosone deletions to male partners of couples who are about to undergo ICSI for low sperm counts. 

How can we help you? 

While ICSI can be used to overcome even the most challenging cases of infertility, it still does not have guaranteed results.  Before you embark on any treatment, it is important to understand the success rates of ICSI, and your doctor will discuss these and how they relate to your own unique circumstances.  

If you would like to learn more about our affordableIVF prices and competitive IVF success rates, or if you would like to get started on your treatment journey with us,  please contact our friendly Administration team.  

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